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What is a former?
In short, a former is a “horizontal multistage forging machine.”
Supplied materials, such as bars and coils, are cut to a certain size before being transferred between plural facing tools. These materials are molded as they pass through several stages of the machine. Pressure is applied and a shape is formed.

In the “crank press” former, the flywheel [2] is rotated by the motor [1]. Through the crank shaft [3], the ram [4] moves in a reciprocating motion.
Then, the moving “punches [5]” are set to the ram, while the stationary “dies [6]” are set to the die block to receive the load. This is how one shape is formed.
The formers main feature is that it is an all-in-one process, from cutting the material to shaping it.
A separate process is not needed to supply material that has already been cut, resulting in no intermediate stock. Moreover, compared to the vertical press, formers are superior because they can produce at an overwhelmingly high speed, allowing them to produce a large volume of lots.
In addition, by changeover of the tools, it is possible for one former to form many types of parts. In turn, formers have high production rates and a wide processing range.
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